Diwali Tradition and Customs | Deepavali Rituals

Well this festival is not just about the lighting of Diyas and Candles, it is more than that. We Indians have many different rituals, traditions and customs to follow with each and every festival, like that Diwali is also having different form of arrangements which are needed to make this festival worth celebrating. In this post we will let you know what are such diwali traditions and customs.

Let me start with a small description, Diwali is the festival for light and brightness. It is the festival having all sort of customs and rituals.

Popular Diwali Tradition and Customs :

Lakshmi Puja:
We offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi on diwali for her blessings. Goddess Lakshmi gives prosperity and wealth to those who believe in Her. We worship Her on deepavali so that rest of the year, Her prosperity remains with us .

Lighting Diyas and Candles:
This festival is also about lightning diyas, candles and Ghee lamps. After the prayer is over, people start decorating their houses with lighted lamps, candles and diyas. They believe that lightning lamps will help them to get rid of the darkness from the world and some believe that it shows the path to Goddess Lakshmi of our doorsteps.
So, we let the diyas to burn all night which means we are welcoming the Goddess Lakshmi.

Worshipping of Cattle:
Another prevalent tradition is the worshipping of cattles by their respective farmers. According to farmers, they are their primary source of wealth so they treat their cattle like God. In some other parts, cows are worshipped as Goddess Lakshmi. They decorate their cattle with roli and different colors and hang bells around their neck.

Diwali Tradition and Customs Common Diwali Rituals
Diwali Tradition and Customs Common Diwali Rituals

Make and Decorate Rangoli:
Do you know rangoli is Sanskrit word, which means design prepared with help of colors. The designs are created with the help of materials like colored rice, dry flour, sand and flower petals. Basically, rangoli is made for welcoming of Goddess Lakshmi. During Diwali , people clean their houses and decorate them with hangings, torans and colourful rangolis.

Cracking Firecrackers:
Diwali celebration is not completed without the fireworks and crackers. Actually, this is the most important part for which the youngsters await. The bursting of crackers is not done without any particular reason. Children burst fire crackers for their fun but actually this is done for keeping away all evil spirits from home. Elders need to stay with younger ones to ensure safety in Deepavali.

Other Common Diwali Tradition and Customs :

Diwali puja is performed with great joy and happiness. The puja rituals are performed in the evening to drive away the shadows of evil spirits. Bhajans are sung in praise of Goddess and we offered them sweets and others items. Diwali puja is a combination of five deities:
Lord Ganesha is worshipped at the beginning because He acts as Vighnaharta.
Goddess Lakhsmi is worshipped in her three different avatars : Mahalakshmi, Mahasaraswati and Mahakali.
Kuber is also worshipped by the people – The Treasurer of the Gods.
These were the most common Diwali Tradition and Customs that are followed. Wishing you all a very Happy and Prosperous Diwali!

Why Diwali is called the ” Festival of Lights ” ?

The word Diwali is actually derived from Sanskrit word “ Deepavali ” which means “ a series of lights ”. The word Deep means light and avail means series. Thus, Diwali is the festival which we celebrate with lights.
This festival means to worship divine like Lord Ganesha, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Mahabali.
Diwali is known as the Festival of Lights because we celebrate this festival with activities like bursting crackers, lightning the numbers of candles and Diyas around the homes and workplace .

Festival of Lights : Why Diwali is known as Deepavali ?

But the actual reason why the Diwali is known as the festival of Lights is something different. Let me tell you a small story by which you will be able to understand that actually why we Diwali as Festival of Lights. This story is about the Lord Rama, the avatar of Supreme Protector Lord Vishnu.
Lord Rama , the king of Ayodhya who had to live in forest for fourteen years because of his father’s orders. But the people of Ayodhya loved their king very much waited for many years to meet with him again. So, when Lord Rama returnd back the people of Ayodhya in the honour of their king and to celebrate his victory decorated the entire city , lit up their houses with Diyas. Years after years people celebrate this event with joy and happiness. So, Diwali is celebrated all over the world as the “ Festival of Lights ” where lights signify the victory of good over the evil.

Festival of Lights Why Diwali is known as Deepawali
Festival of Lights : Why Diwali is known as Deepawali

What Deepavali Celebrations ” Festival of Lights ” is all about : Diwali 2019 festival

Diwali generally occurs in autumn season that falls between mid-October and mid-November; according to Hindu Festival calendar in the month of kartik. Deepawali is an ancient Hindu five day festival. It starts with Dhanteras (On this day people purchase either utensils, gold and silver), followed by Naraka Chaturdasi (commonly known as choti Diwali) on second day, Diwali on the third day, Ram-Ram on fourth day (meet with relatives and friends exchange good wishes and gifts) and festivities end with Bhau-beej dedicated to sister-brother bond on the fifth day.

Before celebrating Diwali, all people clean their houses and business place. Paint them in new colour and decorated them with various ways by using different kinds of light and light up lamps inside and outside houses and shops after offering prayer to Lord Ganesha ( He is a God for good beginnings and the fabled remover of obstacles) followed by Goddess Lakshmi ( She is a Goddess of prosperity and wealth).

In India , it is also considered as a “New Business Year” that is businessman makes new account books known as “bahi khata” and offer pray to Goddess Lakshmi for a successful year ahead. On first page they make swastika symbolize meaning good fortune, luck and well-being.
Happy Diwali